Ancient Needling Methods

Ancient Needling Methods and Techniques

Five Needling Methods

a collective term for five ancient needling techniques used in accordance with the pathological changes of the five viscera, i.e., half needling, leopard-spot needling, joint needling, join valley needling and transport point needling.

1. Half needling

one of the five needling techniques characterized by shallow insertion and swift withdrawal of the needle, also called shallow needling

2. Leopard-spot needling

One of the five needling techniques characterized by pricking with a three-edged needle around the point

3. Joint needling

One of the five needling techniques by puncturing the tendon close to the joint

4. Join valley needling

One of the five needling techniques for treating numbness and pains of muscles by puncturing the muscles of the affected region directly with the needle going obliquely right and left just like the claws of a chicken, also called multi-direction needling

5. Transport point needling

an ancient needling method characterized by deep perpendicular puncture to the bone

 

Nine Needling Methods

a collective term for nine ancient techniques of needling used for treating nine types of syndrome, i.e., transport point needling, distant needling, meridian/channel needling, collateral/network needling, intermuscular needling, great drainage needling, skin needling, red-hot needling and contralateral meridian/channel needling

1. Transport point needling

an ancient needling method characterized by deep perpendicular puncture to the bone

2. Distant needling

an ancient needling method in which the needling point is selected at the lower body along the meridian/ channel distant from the disease site of the upper body

3. Meridian needling

an ancient needling method by puncturing the site of meridian/channel where nodulation or blood stasis appears

4. Collateral needling

an ancient needling method for bloodletting by pricking the small vessels with a three-edged needle

5. Intermuscular needling

an ancient needling method by puncturing directly into the muscle

6. Great drainage needling

an ancient needling method referring to incision and drainage of pus and blood

7. Skin needling

an ancient needling method characterized by shallow puncture of the skin

8. Red-hot needling

an ancient needling method involving the swift pricking with a red hot needle

9. Contralateral meridian needling

an ancient needling method by puncturing the point of the meridian/channel contralateral to the diseased side, also called opposing needling

 

Other Needling Methods

Contralateral collateral needling

an ancient needling method characterized by needling collateral/network contralateral to the diseased side, also called contralateral insertion

Paired needling

an ancient needling method by puncturing with a pair of needles, one anterior to and the other posterior to the disease site

Successive trigger needling

an ancient needling method: while needling directly at the tender point , searching for other tender points over the surrounding area and needling in succession

Relaxing needling

an ancient needling method: inserting the needle from the side and then puncturing the contracted muscle in different directions to induce relaxation

Triple needling

an ancient needling method involving one perpendicular needling with two more needling by its side

Shallow surround needling

an ancient needling method: needling the center of a point with additional needling anterior, posterior, right and left to the center of the point

Perpendicular needling

an ancient needling method by inserting the needle beneath the lifted skin

Short thrust needling

an ancient needling method: inserting the needle deep to the bone while gently shaking the handle, followed by short and swift lift and thrust

Superficial needling

an ancient needling method characterized by shallow oblique puncturing

Yin needling

an ancient needling method in which bilateral points are selected for puncture

Proximate needling

an ancient needling method involving a perpendicular needling followed by two oblique needling in the adjacent area

Repeated shallow needling

an ancient needling method characterized by multiple shallow needle insertions causing bleeding

 

NOTE: The terminologies and definitions of ancient needling methods are adapted from WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region, published by the World Health Organization in 2007.

Modern Needling Methods